List of direct air connections of Croatia with 12 significant emitting markets

first_imgThe Market Research and Strategic Planning Department of the Croatian National Tourist Board prepared an overview of direct flights and direct air connections of Croatian airports with 12 significant emitting markets according to information obtained from Dubrovnik, Split and Zagreb airports.All Croatian tourism workers will unquestionably agree that the key to further “tourist success” of our country, whether we are talking about extending the season or increasing average earnings from tourism, is adequate investment in the development of tourism infrastructure, content and offer, in order to optimize money “which, according to all research, is crucial for choosing a destination, ie further positive recommendations of satisfied guests point out from the CNTB and add that one of the basic measures to improve all” tourism indicators “is certainly the growth of traffic in the months before and after publicity can play a significant role, but even greater progress can be made if “general publicity” is accompanied by adequate offers of concrete, cost-effective programs.The overview of direct flights will be regularly updated with information on newly established flights when they become available, which is crucial to know how to plan well and organize targeted tourism programs and activities for our emitting markets.Annex / Overview of direct air connections of Croatialast_img read more

Viewing violent news on social media can cause trauma

first_imgViewing violent news events via social media can cause people to experience symptoms similar to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).This is one of the findings by Dr Pam Ramsden from the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Bradford that will be presented today, Thursday 7 May 2015, at the Annual Conference of the British Psychology Society being held in Liverpool.Dr Ramsden explained: “The negative effects of exposure to other people’s suffering have long been recognised in roles such as professional healthcare workers. Various studies have documented the negative psychological reactions following indirect exposure to traumatised people called vicarious traumatisation.” Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Pinterest Emailcenter_img “Social media has enabled violent stories and graphic images to be watched by the public in unedited horrific detail. Watching these events and feeling the anguish of those directly experiencing them may impact on our daily lives. In this study we wanted to see if people would experience longer lasting effects such as stress and anxiety, and in some cases post-traumatic stress disorders from viewing these images.”Some 189 participants (participant’s mean age was 37 years old with an almost even gender split) completed clinical assessments for PTSD, a personality questionnaire, a vicarious trauma assessment and a questionnaire concerning different violent news events on social media or the internet. These included the 9/11 Twin Tower attacks, school shootings and suicide bombings.Analysis indicated that 22 per cent of participants were significantly affected by the media events. These individuals scored high on clinical measures of PTSD even though none had previous trauma, were not present at the traumatic events and had only watched them via social media. Those who reported viewing the events more often were most affected.Dr Ramsden said: “It is quite worrying that nearly a quarter of those who viewed the images scored high on clinical measures of PTSD. There was also an increased risk for those with outgoing, extroverted personalities. With increased access to social media and the internet via tablets and smartphones, we need to ensure that people are aware of the risks of viewing these images and that appropriate support is available for those who need it.” Share LinkedInlast_img read more

Experimental Alzheimer’s drug reverses genetic changes thought to spur the disease

first_imgShare on Twitter Email Share LinkedIn Aging takes its toll on the brain, and the cells of the hippocampus–a brain region with circuitry crucial to learning and memory–are particularly vulnerable to changes that can lead to Alzheimer’s disease or cognitive decline. With the hope of counteracting the changes that can lead to these two conditions, researchers at Rockefeller University and their colleagues have begun examining the effects of a drug known to affect this circuitry.In new research described recently in Molecular Psychiatry, a team led by Ana Pereira, Instructor in Clinical Medicine in Bruce McEwen’s laboratory found that the drug, riluzole, is capable of reversing key genetic changes associated with these conditions.“In aging and Alzheimer’s, the chemical signal glutamate can accumulate between neurons, damaging the circuitry,” Pereira says. “When we treated rats with riluzole, we saw a suite of changes. Perhaps most significantly, expression of molecules responsible for clearing excess glutamate returned to more youthful levels.”center_img Pinterest Share on Facebook Previous work in McEwen’s lab by Pereira has shown that the drug prompted structural changes in rats’ neurons that prevent the memory loss often seen in old animals. Pereira is currently testing riluzole for the first time in Alzheimer’s patients in a clinical trial at the Rockefeller University Hospital.Glutamate clean upGenerally, glutamate is released to excite other neurons and doesn’t linger in the spaces between them. As we age, though, the system gets a little leaky and glutamate can build up in these intercellular spaces. This happens in part when neurons make less and less of the transporter molecule responsible for removing excess glutamate. When it accumulates, this essential neurotransmitter can cause big problems, damaging or killing neurons and so contributing to Alzheimer’s disease, and other disorders.Pereira and co-first author Jason Gray, a postdoc in the lab sought to better understand the molecular vulnerabilities of an aging glutamate system and riluzole’s effect on it.“The essence is we used a drug known to modulate glutamate, and when we gave it to old rats, we saw it reversed many of the changes that begin in middle age in the hippocampus,” Gray says. “We saw a similar pattern when we compared the riluzole-induced changes to data from Alzheimer’s patients–in a number of key pathways in the hippocampus, the drug produced an effect opposing that of the disease.”The drug, it turns out, modifies the activity of certain genes in an aged animal to resemble that of a younger rat. For example, the researchers found that the expression of a gene calledEAAT2, which has been linked to Alzheimer’s and is known to play a role in removing excess glutamate from nerve fibers, declines as the animals age. However, in rats treated with riluzole this gene’s activity was brought back to its youthful levels.New targets for treatments?In addition to its potential ability to allay memory loss and cognitive decline, riluzole is attractive as a potential treatment for Alzheimer’s. The drug is already being used to treat another neurological disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and is therefore considered relatively safe. In Pereira’s ongoing clinical trial, patients with Alzheimer’s disease have thus far been treated with either the drug or a placebo, and have been undergoing tests to help determine whether their brain functions have been improved.“We hope to use a medication to break the cycle of toxicity by which glutamate can damage the neurons that use it as a neurotransmitter, and our studies so far suggest that riluzole may be able to accomplish this,” Pereira says. “We found that in addition to recovering the expression of EAAT2, the drug restored genes critical for neural communication and plasticity, both of which decline with aging and even more significantly in Alzheimer’s disease.”The findings also help to lay the groundwork for further study of glutamate transporters as potential targets for treating both conditions.last_img read more

Psychology study uncovers why people — including narcissists — use Instagram

first_imgShare on Facebook Email New research published in the journal Computers in Human Behavior has uncovered the major reasons people use the online photo- and video-sharing service Instagram.The study, by Pavica Sheldon and Katherine Bryant of the University of Alabama in Huntsville, uncovered new motives for social media use that had not been identified in previous research. “As it is, we have learned that the reasons for using Instagram are somewhat unique and different from the reasons for using Facebook and other social media sites,” the researchers said.The study of 239 college students found four main motives for Instagram use, which the researchers labelled as “Surveillance/Knowledge about others,” “Documentation,” “Coolness,” and “Creativity.” Pinterest LinkedIncenter_img Share Share on Twitter Surveillance/Knowledge about others: The most influential motivation the participants reported was using Instagram to interact with their friends, keep track of other people’s activities, and see what other people share. A host of information about a person, including their relationship status and number of friends, can be discovered with a quick scroll through their posts.Documentation: The participants also used Instagram to depict their life through photos, remember special events, share their activities with others, document the world around them, and to commemorate an event. The researchers noted that Instagram can act “as a kind of virtual photo album for many people.”Coolness: Instagram is also used to enhance a person’s social status. The participants reported using Instagram to look cool, self-promote, and provide “visual status updates” for their friends.Creativity: The least influential motivation the participants reported was using Instagram to create art and display photography skills.Previous studies had identified surveillance and coolness as reasons for using social networking websites like Facebook and Twitter, but not documentation and creativity.Sheldon and Bryant also found that narcissism influenced Instagram use. Narcissists have an over-inflated sense of importance and demand admiration from others. Researchers believe social networking sites appeal to narcissists because it gives them the ability to completely control how they are presented to others.The researchers found narcissism was related to using Instagram to appear cool and for surveillance. “Narcissists can post and manipulate specific photos to make themselves and their lives appear to be a certain way,” Sheldon and Bryant explained.The researchers also discovered three other factors that influenced Instagram use. Those with a higher level of interpersonal interaction, meaning they often spend time communicating with friends and family, were more likely to use Instagram for surveillance, creativity, and coolness. Those who participated in more social activities were more likely to use Instagram for documentation. People who were more satisfied were less likely to use Instagram to appear cool.last_img read more

Some of the best psychology websites

first_imgEmail PsychCentralFrom their about page: “Psych Central is the Internet’s largest and oldest independent mental health social network. Since 1995, our award-winning website has been run by mental health professionals offering reliable, trusted information and over 250 support groups to consumers.”The NeuroSkeptic columnFrom their website: “Neuroskeptic is a British neuroscientist who takes a skeptical look at his own field, and beyond. His blog offers a look at the latest developments in neuroscience, psychiatry and psychology through a critical lens.”Psychology TodayFrom their about page: “Psychology Today is devoted exclusively to everybody’s favorite subject: Ourselves. On this site, we have gathered a group of renowned psychologists, academics, psychiatrists and writers to contribute their thoughts and ideas on what makes us tick. We’re a live stream of what’s happening in ‘psychology today’.”Scientific American MindFrom Wikipedia: “Scientific American Mind is a bimonthly American popular science magazine concentrating on psychology, neuroscience, and related fields. By analyzing and revealing new thinking in the cognitive sciences, the magazine tries to focus on the biggest breakthroughs in these fields.”Research DigestFrom their about page: “We digest at least one new psychology study every weekday. Published by the British Psychological Society since 2005, this blog aims to demonstrate that psychological science is fascinating and useful while also casting a critical eye over its methods.”PsyBlogFrom their about page: “This website is about scientific research into how the mind works. The studies I cover have been published in reputable academic journals in many different areas of psychology.”MindHacksFrom WikiPedia: “Mind Hacks is an ongoing psychology and neuroscience blog that publishes daily news and commentary on mind and brain issues. It won a Scientific American Science and Technology Web Award in 2005 and was listed as a Top 30 science blog by The Times in 2010.” Share on Twitter The National Institute of Mental Health news pageFrom their about page:  “The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is the lead federal agency for research on mental disorders. NIMH is one of the 27 Institutes and Centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the nation’s medical research agency. NIH is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).”The Association for Psychological Science news pageFrom their about page: “The Association for Psychological Science (previously the American Psychological Society) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the advancement of scientific psychology and its representation at the national and international level.”The Public Library of Science’s Mind and Brain blogFrom Wikipedia: “PLOS (for Public Library of Science) is a nonprofit open access scientific publishing project aimed at creating a library of open access journals and other scientific literature under an open content license.”Psychiatric TimesFrom Wikipedia: “Psychiatric Times is a medical trade publication written for an audience involved in the profession of psychiatry. It is published monthly by MJH Associates and is distributed to about 50,000 psychiatrists monthly.— —Below are some more websites that are not exclusively about psychology, but often feature quality articles about psychological research.The ConversationFrom their about page: “The Conversation is an independent source of news and views, sourced from the academic and research community and delivered direct to the public.”ScienceAlertFrom their about page: “ScienceAlert is an independently run news website that covers the most important developments in the world of science and scientific research, while sharing fun, interesting information.”Medical News TodayFrom their about page: “Medical News Today (MNT) is owned and operated by Healthline Media UK Ltd., a leading healthcare publishing company. There are offices in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Taiwan. MNT is within the top 10 most popular health websites worldwide, as reported by Comscore, with more than 90 million monthly visits.”— —Think we are missing an important website? Let us know. Share on Facebook LinkedIn PsyPost features summaries of the latest discoveries in psychology, psychiatry, neuroscience, sociology and similar fields. The website is focused on highlighting and explaining research in peer-reviewed scientific journals.You can stay up-to-date on brain and behavior research by liking us on Facebook, following us on Twitter, or subscribing to our newsletter.But maybe PsyPost is not enough for you. If you’re looking for even more news about psychology and neuroscience research, check out the websites below. Share Pinterestlast_img read more

Astronauts’ brains change shape during spaceflight

first_imgPinterest Share on Facebook Email Share Share on Twittercenter_img MRIs before and after space missions reveal that astronauts’ brains compress and expand during spaceflight, according to a University of Michigan study.The findings could have applications for treating other health conditions that affect brain function, says principal investigator Rachael Seidler, U-M professor of kinesiology and psychology.The study, believed to be the first to examine structural changes that take place in astronauts’ brains during spaceflight, found that the volume of gray matter increased or decreased, and the extent of the alteration depended on the length of time spent in space. LinkedIn Seidler and colleagues examined structural MRIs in 12 astronauts who spent two weeks as shuttle crew members, and 14 who spent six months on the International Space Station. All experienced increases and decreases in gray matter in different parts of the brain, with more pronounced changes the longer the astronauts spent in space.“We found large regions of gray matter volume decreases, which could be related to redistribution of cerebrospinal fluid in space,” Seidler said. “Gravity is not available to pull fluids down in the body, resulting in so-called puffy face in space. This may result in a shift of brain position or compression.”The researchers also found increases in gray matter volume in regions that control leg movement and process sensory information from legs, which may reflect changes related to the brain learning how to move in microgravity. These changes were greater in space station astronauts because their brains were learning and adapting 24/7.“It’s interesting because even if you love something you won’t practice more than an hour a day,” Seidler said.But the brain changes researchers observed were equivalent to someone practicing a new skill round-the-clock.“In space, it’s an extreme example of neuroplasticity in the brain because you’re in a microgravity environment 24 hours a day,” Seidler said.Though they haven’t pinpointed the exact nature of the changes yet, the findings may lead to new ways of thinking about certain health conditions—for example, people on long-duration bed rest or people who have normal pressure hydrocephalus, a condition in which cerebrospinal spinal fluid accumulates in ventricles in the brain and causes pressure.Seidler said the brain changes could reflect new connections between neurons, and she’s leading another long-term study that will help determine the repercussions on cognition and physical performance, as well as how long the brain changes last. For example, even after balance returns, the brain might still recruit different pathways to compensate for the structural brain changes caused by spaceflight.“The behavior may return to normal, but the way the brain controls the behavior may change,” she said.These results largely parallel findings from a long-term bed rest study that Seidler is leading, in which volunteers spent up to three months in downward tilted position, and brains shifted up.The research is supported by a grant from NASA.The study, “Brain structural plasticity with spaceflight,” appeared in the journal Nature Microgravity.last_img read more

Physical activity improves math learning in children

first_imgShare on Twitter Share on Facebook Children improve at math when instruction engages their own bodies. This is one of the findings from a recent study coming from the University of Copenhagen’s Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports. The results also document that children require individualized learning strategies.The project have investigated whether different types of math math learning strategies changes the way children solves math problems. On the picture mounting of the hood which is used for recording brain activity during solving of math problems.Well-being and learning among school age children has a significant impact on how children fare later on in life. Therefore, frameworks for elementary school teaching and learning must be optimized. The 2014 Danish School Reform emphasized physical activity during the primary and lower secondary education years – as apart of academic instruction as well. Researchers from the Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports have investigated the effect of different types of primary school mathematics instruction. Pinterest Sharecenter_img Email It helps to use the whole bodyResults from the study underscore that many children improve at math when their bodies are engaged during instruction, and that math instruction should be individualized.“The children learn more if they move and use the whole body to learn”, according to head researcher and Associate Professor Jacob Wienecke of the University of Copenhagen’s Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports. “Compared to previous studies which demonstrated that intense physical activity could improve learning outcomes, we have been able to show that lower intensity activities are just as effective, or even more effective, as long as movement is integrated into the topic at hand.”After just six weeks of the study, all of the children improved their scores in a standardized fifty question national test. Children whose instruction included whole body activity performed best. Their performance improved by 7.6%, with nearly four more correct responses than the baseline, and twice as much improvement as the sedentary fine motor skills group.Differentiated instruction is crucialWhen children were grouped according to pre study math performance, the results demonstrated that children with average and above average performance benefitted most from using the entire body in learning. Children who weren’t very good at math prior to the study received no particular benefit from the alternative instructional forms.“We need to keep this in mind when developing new forms of instruction,” according to Associate Professor Wienecke, who continues: “The new school reform focuses on, among other things, the incorporation of physical activity during the school day, with the aim of improving the motivation, well-being and learning of ALL children. However, individual understanding must be taken into account. Otherwise, we risk an unfortunate combined outcome in which those who are already proficient advance, and those who have not yet mastered concepts cannot keep up.”The researchers are now investigating which areas of the brain are involved in these various learning strategies. At the same time, researchers will be testing the School Reform’s positive effects on other academic skills, such as reading.Results of the study have just been released in the article, Motor-enriched Learning Activities can Improve Mathematical Performance in Preadolescent Children, published in the internationally renown scientific journal, Frontiers of Human Neuroscience.About the studyThe University of Copenhagen’s Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports studied the effect of various instructional types related to mathematics instruction for Danish primary school students. 165 Danish first grade students, divided among 3 schools in the Copenhagen area participated in a 6-week study.The children were divided into three groups:One group used the whole body during mathematics education. Teaching took place on the classroom floor, with tables and chairs set to the side. Students were included in problem solving by, for example, making a triangle or shaping numerals with their bodies, or using one another when being asked to add or subtract.Another group of students was sedentary and worked on math using fine motor skills. These children worked independently or in small groups using LEGO-bricks in a classroom setting. For example, they used bricks for arithmetic or to build models for solving geometry tasks.A control group engaged in regular mathematics instruction, using pencils, paper, rulers and the like. LinkedInlast_img read more

How voters’ perception of trust may have influenced the 2016 presidential election

first_imgShare Pinterest Share on Twitter Email New research sheds more light on why President Donald Trump was able to defeat his Democratic rival Hillary Clinton in the 2016 presidential election.The study, published in American Behavioral Scientist, investigated Americans’ trust in the two presidential candidates. The research indicates that while neither candidate was perceived to be trustworthy, Trump was trusted more where it mattered most — on a key issue in the swing states.“The topic of trust, particularly in organizations, has been of interest to my colleagues and me for some time,” said study author Sherwyn P. Morreale, a professor in communication at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs.center_img “We have developed and written extensively about a research-driven model of trust that has five drivers, or reasons, why people trust others, or not. The model outlines five underlying drivers of trust: openness and honesty, identification, concern for others, reliability, and competence.”“As the presidential primaries and then the general election campaign ensued, quite a few pollsters called attention to the lack of trust in the political candidates,” Morreale added. “Intrigued by those polls, we realized that the unanswered question was why, what were the underlying drivers or reasons or causes of the lack of trust, particularly in Clinton and Trump.”“We determined therefore to apply our model of five trust drivers to investigating public opinion nationally of the two candidates. The two census-representative national polls reported in our published study provide a clear answer to the question of why.”The researchers conducted one survey of 1,500 Americans immediately before the first presidential debate and a second survey of another 1,500 Americans after the third debate.Clinton was rated as more open and honest than Trump after the first debate, but this relationship had reversed after the third debate. However, Clinton was also considered more competent, concerned for others, reliable, and a person with whom respondents could identify after the third debate. Clinton was seen as a bit more trustworthy than Trump, but overall Americans had little trust for either candidateThe study also found that Clinton was more trusted regarding the issues of health care, crime/violence/guns, education/college affordability, race relations, and climate change/environment. Trump was more trusted on terrorism/national security and immigration. The two candidates had equivalent trust perceptions for economy/jobs.An analysis of swing states, which were key to Trump’s electoral victory, showed that terrorism/national security was a focal issue. “The trust advantage on this issue for Trump in part contributes to understanding the Electoral College difference from the popular vote,” the researchers wrote.“Perhaps the general public should be somewhat more aware of how they make judgments about trust or the lack thereof — in political leaders, government, governmental institutions and organizations,” Morreale told PsyPost. “Then in the best of all worlds, we could interact with these entities in a focused and better informed manner.”The researchers also found several demographic differences.Gender had no link to trust evaluations for Clinton, but it was linked to evaluations of Trump. Men were significantly more trusting of Trump than women and transgender individuals.There was a stark difference in regards to race and ethnicity. Black Americans were more trusting of Clinton than Trump, while white Americans were more trusting of Trump than Clinton.More educated Americans tended to be more trusting of Clinton than those with less education, while less educated Americans tended to be more trusting of Trump.Liberals viewed Clinton as trustworthy, while conservatives viewed Trump as trustworthy. But moderates tended to view neither of them as trustworthy.“As the study indicates, there is some tendency for various demographics to shape our perceptions of trust or the lack thereof; just knowing that about ourselves could be informative,” Morreale explained. “That is not to say that the collective thinking of any group of people is not valid; rather, becoming aware of our collective perceptions may serve all of us well.”The study makes no claims about causality and trust is only one factor of many that influenced the 2016 election.“Good research should always yield as many if not more questions than it answers,” Morreale said. “That is our hope, with this study. That said an important societal question may be how the electorate and the leaders whom we elect can move back to the more trusting climate and culture that existed until approximately the middle of the 20th century.”“Albeit, the rise of information dissemination through mass and social media probably is a significant impacting factor. However, continuing to address the public’s generalized lack of trust contemporarily, as it relates to the five drivers, is a question that could and perhaps should be addressed.”The study, “Voters’ Perceptions of Trust in 2016 Presidential Candidates, Clinton and Trump: Exploring the Election’s Outcome“, was also co-authored by Pamela S. Shockley-Zalabak and Carmen Stavrositu. Share on Facebook LinkedInlast_img read more

Men with higher testosterone levels report being more protective of their romantic relationships

first_imgShare on Facebook Share on Twitter Email Pinterest Sharecenter_img LinkedIn New research suggests that men with higher levels of testosterone tend to devote more energy to keeping their romantic partners faithful and in a relationship with them. The study, published in the journal Physiology & Behavior, examined what is known as mate retention behavior.“A great deal of research has previously focused on the role that testosterone (an androgen) plays in men’s mate-seeking and competition for mates,” explained study author Steven Arnocky, an associate professor and founding director of the Human Evolution Laboratory at Nipissing University, Canada.“By contrast, very little research has examined whether testosterone relates to other forms of mating-relevant competition, such as effort aimed at retaining a mating partner. This includes benefit provisioning (e.g., doing nice things for your partner to highlight your commitment to her such as buying gifts, proposing marriage) and cost inflicting (e.g., threatening other men to stay away) acts meant to hold on to exclusive access to one’s mate.” “This is an important gap in knowledge because unlike most other mammalian species, humans generally pair-bond,” Arnocky said. “In other words, we form relatively long-term mating relationships that are often characterized by biparental care of offspring. Therefore, we wanted to know whether testosterone also plays a role in mating competition once a male has secured a romantic partner.”The researchers collected saliva samples from 108 male undergraduates to measure their testosterone levels and had them complete surveys on mate retention and intrasexual competition. They found there was an indirect relationship between testosterone and mate retention behaviors.“Our results suggested that there is a modest relationship between testosterone and mate-retention, but that this relationship is not direct in nature. Rather, testosterone predicts holding a more competitive attitude toward members of the same sex (intrasexual competition), and it is this characteristic of intrasexual competitiveness that in turn predicts mate retention,” Arnocky told PsyPost. “Moreover, this relationship seems to be strongest for cost inflicting, rather than benefit provisioning, acts of mate retention.”Examples of cost-inflicting mate retention behavior include things such as limiting a partner’s social life by monopolizing her time and insulting her to make her feel undeserving of the current relationship. “Our study was correlational in its design, and so one cannot make any causal assumptions about whether testosterone influences levels of intrasexual competitiveness or mate retention,” Arnocky noted. “Future research would benefit from administering testosterone to healthy men who are currently in romantic relationships and subsequently assess mate retention in a laboratory setting to better address this important directional issue,” he added.The study, “Intrasexual competition mediates the relationship between men’s testosterone and mate retention behavior“, was co-authored by Graham Albert, Justin M. Carré, and Triana L. Ortiz.last_img read more

Study finds less corruption in countries where more women are in government

first_imgLess than a quarter of the members of the U.S. Senate are women and only 19 percent of the women in the U.S. House of Representatives are women. It is also noteworthy that the United Stated never had a women head or president.The authors speculate that women policymakers are able to have an impact on corruption because they choose different policies from men. An extensive body of prior research shows that women politicians choose policies that are more closely related to the welfare of women, children, and family.The relationship is robust to the inclusion of a number of other control variables including economic, cultural, and institutional factors. The study also uses a statistical technique, known as the Instrumental Variable analysis, to account for the confounding factors and to establish causality in the relationship. After all it is possible that it is corruption that drives women’s participation in politics and not the other way around!The authors maintain that while the gender-corruption relationship has been studied before, the previous studies suffered from the critique that the relationship between women’s representation in government and corruption was not shown to be causal.Jha and Sarangi’s research is the most comprehensive study on this topic and looks at the implications of the presence of women in other occupations as including the shares of women in the labor force, clerical positions, and decision making positions such as the CEOs and other managerial positions. The study finds that women’s presence in these occupations is not significantly associated with corruption, suggesting that it is the policymaking role through which women are able to have an impact on corruption.Sometimes it is believed that the relationship between gender and corruption may disappear as women gain similarity in social status. This is presumably because as the status of women improves, they get access to the networks of corruption and at the same time learn the know-how of engaging in corrupt activities. The results of this study, however, indicate otherwise: the relationship between women’s representation in parliament and corruption is stronger for countries where women enjoy a greater equality of status. Once again, this finding further suggests that it’s policymaking through which women are able to impact corruption.Jha and Sarangi’s study warns that these results do not necessarily mean that women are inherently less corrupt. In fact, their findings suggest otherwise. If women are indeed less corrupt, then there should be a significant negative correlation between all these measures of female participation and corruption.The policy implications of the study point towards the need for promoting gender equality in general and promoting the presence of women in politics in particular. Previous research has established that a greater presence of women in government is associated with better education and health outcomes. Email Pinterest Share on Facebook A greater representation of women in the government is bad news for corruption, according to a new study published in the Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization by researchers Chandan Jha of Le Moyne College and Sudipta Sarangi of Virginia Tech.In a cross-country analysis of over 125 countries, this study finds that corruption is lower in countries where a greater share of parliamentarians are women. The study further finds that women’s representation in local politics is important too – the likelihood of having to bribe is lower in regions with a greater representation of women in local-level politics in Europe.“This research underscores the importance of women empowerment, their presence in leadership roles and their representation in government, said Sarangi, an economics professor and department head at Virginia Tech. “This is especially important in light of the fact that women remain underrepresented in politics in most countries including the United States.”center_img LinkedIn Share on Twitter Sharelast_img read more