Guyana says travelers arriving from countries where yellow fever is endemic are required to have proof of vaccination in order to be allowed entry in the country.Health authorities said that as a result of the outbreak of yellow fever outbreak in Angola, several countries have imposed the requirements for vaccination against the disease for travel 10 days prior to arrival.“Guyana, as a part of the Latin American region with risk of yellow fever is listed as one of the countries whose residents would be required to be immunized and issued with a yellow fever certificate prior to travel.”The Government said that with the presence of the vector that transmits yellow fever and an uncertain “salvatic” environment in the hinterlands, “it is advisable that persons traveling from countries listed as endemic for yellow fever, mainly in Africa and Asia, should also be in possession of a valid International Certificate of Vaccination or prophylaxis on arrival in Guyana”.But it said that the countries listed as endemic are mainly from the African continent and does not include countries in North America, Europe, Central America and the Caribbean.Jamaica recently announced similar measures.
Tetapi ketika seseorang tertawa, bernyanyi bahkan bernapas pun ternyata menghasilkan tetesan yang lebih kecil dan lebih ringan atau kurang dari lima mikron serta akan menguap sebelum jatuh ke tempat terdekat.Maka pada awal pandemi partikel udara yang lebih kecil dan disebut aerosol ini para ahli tak yakin dapat mengandung cukup virus untuk menginfeksi siapa pun. Seseorang tidak akan terinfeksi dengan menghirup satu atau dua tetesan kecil, mereka harus terpapar pada konsentrasi tertentu sebelum menyentuh permukaan.“Ini semacam proses eliminasi. Anda sampai pada titik di mana Anda berkata. Ini seperti transmisi aerosol,” “kata Lisa M. Brosseau, seorang konsultan penelitian di Pusat Penelitian dan Kebijakan Penyakit Menular Universitas Minnesota yang dikutip KabarPenumpang.com dari fivethirtyeight.com (20/7/2020).Dia mengatakan, di tengah pandemi, itulah yang Anda miliki. Di mana Anda mengambil bukti apa yang dimiliki, amati, dan kemudian menarik kesimpulan dari itu. Ketika orang-orang berada di luar, transmisi aerosol kur .Brosseau mengatakan, ini seperti menjatuhkan pewarna makanan ke sungai, tapi di dalam ruangan, terutama jika ventilasi buruk, aerosol lebih mudah menumpuk dan lebih seperti menjatuhkan pewarna makanan ke dalam birdbath. Namun, kadang-kadang, Anda tidak bisa menghindari berenang di air keruh itu.“Berita baiknya adalah, ada cara untuk mencairkan dan membersihkan aerosol dari ruang dalam ruangan. Tetapi itu membutuhkan lebih banyak usaha,” tambah Brosseau.Membuka jendela bisa membantu karena itu memaksa udara segar masuk, dan sebagian udara yang terkontaminasi akan keluar.“Tidak ada keraguan bahwa, seiring waktu, rata-rata, konsentrasi aerosol akan turun jika Anda membuka jendela,” kata Rajat Mittal, seorang profesor teknik mesin yang mempelajari aerodinamika di Universitas Johns Hopkins.“Anda dapat mencapai perubahan udara melalui salah satu dari dua cara,” kata David Krause, ahli kesehatan industri bersertifikat dan pemilik HealthCare Consulting and Contracting.Baca juga: Pastikan Keamanan, Boeing dan Airbus Pelajari Risiko Sebaran Virus Corona di PesawatDia menambahkan, yang pertama adalah melalui pergantian udara kotor, membawa udara luar dan udara mengeluarkan udara dari dalam ruangan, dan yang kedua Anda dapat mencapainya dengan menggunakan filter efisiensi tinggi yang secara efektif menghilangkan partikel yang mengandung virus dari udara.Nah jadi di dalam pesawat atau kendaraan umum lainnya aman tidak ya? Karena aerosol pasti ada meskipun perputaran udara tetap berlangsung.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Like this:Like Loading… RelatedIlmuwan: Bukti Penularan Covid-19 di Udara Semakin Banyak16/07/2020In “Featured”Awas, Hindari Keramaian! Studi Terbaru Mendukung Gagasan Virus Corona Menular Lewat Airborne29/04/2020In “Featured”Area Dekat Pintu Kereta Komuter, Jadi Lokasi Potensi Terbesar Penularan Virus Corona13/03/2020In “Darat” ilustrasi aerosol (fivethirtyeight.com) Beberapa waktu lalu ada bukti yang berkembang bahwa partikel-partikel udara yang lebih kecil dan disebut aerosol juga dapat membawa dan menyebarkan virus. Di mana pada awal masa pandemi virus corona baru atau Covid-19 tetesan pernapasan yang lebih besar seperti ludah dan lendir menyebarkan virus ini.Baca juga: Ilmuwan: Bukti Penularan Covid-19 di Udara Semakin BanyakKarena partikel virus ini bisa menemukan jalan ke hidung, mulut atau mata yang menyebabkan infeksi karena memiliki ukuran lima sampai sepuluh mikron. Namun meski begitu, tetesan ini akan cepat jatuh ke tanah atau permukaan yang ada di dekatnya seperti ketika dua orang tengah berbicara.
Individual rounds have been played behind closed doors in the past, most recently at a tournament in Shizuoka last October as Typhoon Hagibis approached. However, it is unprecedented for an entire tournament to be played without fans.“It is to ensure the safety of the gallery, the players and volunteers,” said an organizer. GET THE BEST OF THE JAPAN TIMES FUKUOKA – The LPGA of Japan Tour will hold its season-opening tournament as scheduled in March but without fans due to the current coronavirus outbreak, the tour said Wednesday.The Daikin Orchid Ladies, set for March 5 to 8, at Ryukyu Golf Club in Okinawa Prefecture, will be played entirely without fans, while the March 4 pro-am event has been cancelled. IN FIVE EASY PIECES WITH TAKE 5
Bristol Ladies are back in action on Sunday, October 9th (KO 11:45am) when they take on Darlington away before playing back at Cleve RFC on Sunday, October 16th (KO 2:30pm) when Lichfield are the visitors. Follow @Bristol_L_Rugby to keep up-to-date on all the latest news from the club.
Share on other sites 959 Members Question on MLS uniforms site bleuet Question on MLS uniforms site Sports Logos Formally mr.negative15 220 Followers 0 Share this post bleuet Link to post bleuet All Activity Posted December 1, 2011 Link to post Jer15 959 bleuet Share this post Sports Logos Forums Home no prob 0 959 Lots of info there. Thanks! Link to post http://www.mlsarchives.com/ Members Share on other sites 220 Location:GTA SportsLogos.Net Formally mr.negative15 0 Members Link to post 220 Sign in to follow this SportsLogos.Net We all know nhluniforms.com, a great site.Is there something alike specifically for the MLS? 220 Sign in to follow this Posted December 1, 2011 1,630 posts Go To Topic Listing Recommended Posts Jer15 Share this post 220 Share on other sites 0 6,981 posts Members 959 Forums Home 1,630 posts Jer15 220 This topic is now closed to further replies. Posted December 2, 2011 Sports Logo News 959 Followers 0 6,981 posts 0 959 Location:GTA Jer15 Sports Logo News All Activity Share on other sites By bleuet, December 1, 2011 in Sports Logo News Share this post Posted December 1, 2011 Question on MLS uniforms site
Our FLEX rankings for Week 9 are in. Yes, they are technically just a combination of all our RB, WR, and TE rankings, and the order of those players ranked doesn’t change. That said, the combination of all three positions ranked is critical to trying to figure out exactly who to start at the final few spots on your roster. Having a quality flex and making the right start/sit decision can be critical to winning in all fantasy football formats. And for Week 9, that is especially important with six teams on bye.Some of the league’s best fantasy players are out as a result of all the byes. At running back, Joe Mixon, David Johnson, Marlon Mack, and Saquon Barkley are all off. At receiver, Alshon Jeffery is out and Golden Tate gets the dreaded double-bye after his trade from the Lions to the Eagles. Both Bengals receivers, A.J. Green and Tyler Boyd, are also idle, while Odell Beckham Jr. and Larry Fitzgerald are both on bye, as well. That’s a lot of talent, and the thin player pool makes it a bit more difficult to identify exactly which lower-level flex play fantasy owners may want to target this week. Reminder: Check back for updates throughout the week, and for analysis for individual players, check out our standard running back, wide receiver, and tight end rankings. For even more fantasy insight, check out “How Your Fantasy Team Will Lose in Week 9.”WEEK 9 PPR RANKINGS: Running back | Wide receiver | Tight endWeek 9 Fantasy Football Rankings: FLEXThese rankings are for standard, non-PPR leagues1Todd Gurley, RB, Rams @ Saints2Kareem Hunt, RB, Chiefs @ Browns3Melvin Gordon, RB, Chargers @ Seahawks4Adam Thielen, WR, Vikings vs. Lions5Adrian Peterson, RB, Redskins vs. Falcons6Christian McCaffrey, RB, Panthers vs. Buccaneers7Robert Woods, WR, Rams @ Saints8Tyreek Hill, WR, Chiefs @ Browns9Julio Jones, WR, Falcons @ Redskins10Ezekiel Elliott, RB, Cowboys vs. Titans11Antonio Brown, WR, Steelers @ Ravens12Nick Chubb, RB, Browns vs. Chiefs13James White, RB, Patriots vs. Packers14Davante Adams, WR, Packers @ Patriots15Alvin Kamara, RB, Saints vs. Rams16Jarvis Landry, WR, Browns vs. Chiefs17Devin Funchess, WR, Panthers vs. Buccaneers18Travis Kelce, TE, Chiefs @ Browns19Latavius Murray, RB, Vikings vs. Lions20Phillip Lindsay, RB, Broncos vs. Texans Week 9 Standard Rankings:Quarterback | Running Back | Wide Receiver | Tight End | D/ST | KickerWe have your answers to the position here. They will be updated throughout the week with the latest injury news — currently we’re watching Matt Breida’s status for Thursday particularly closely — and we’ll do everything we can to help you get your best lineup out on the field this week. Without further ado, let’s dive in. WEEK 9: Rankings | DFS21Brandin Cooks, WR, Rams @ Saints22Michael Thomas, WR, Saints vs. Rams23John Brown, WR, Ravens vs. Steelers24Isaiah Crowell, RB, Jets @ Dolphins25DeAndre Hopkins, WR, Texans @ Broncos26Mike Evans, WR, Buccaneers @ Panthers27Lamar Miller, RB, Texans @ Broncos28James Conner, RB, Steelers @ Ravens29Rob Gronkowski, TE, Patriots vs. Packers30Cooper Kupp, WR, Rams @ Saints31Kerryon Johnson, RB, Lions @ Vikings32Jordan Howard, RB, Bears @ Bills33Tarik Cohen, RB, Bears @ Bills34Keenan Allen, WR, Chargers @ Seahawks35JuJu Smith-Schuster, WR, Steelers @ Ravens36Jared Cook, TE, Raiders @ 49ers37Doug Martin, RB, Raiders @ 49ers38O.J. Howard, TE, Buccaneers @ Panthers39Chris Carson, RB, Seahawks vs. Chargers40Sony Michel, Patriots vs. Packers41Kenyan Drake, RB, Dolphins vs. Jets42Kenny Golladay, WR, Lions @ Vikings43Josh Gordon, WR, Patriots vs. Packers44Sammy Watkins, WR, Chiefs @ Browns45Julian Edelman, WR, Patriots vs. Packers46Matt Breida, RB, 49ers vs. Raiders47Amari Cooper, WR, Cowboys vs. Titans48Emmanuel Sanders, WR, Broncos vs. Texans49Dion Lewis, RB, Titans @ Cowboys50LeSean McCoy, RB, Bills vs. Bears51Greg Olsen, TE, Panthers vs. Buccaneers52Mark Ingram, RB, Saints vs. Rams53Tyler Lockett, WR, Seahawks vs. Chargers54Aaron Jones, RB, Packers @ Patriots55Michael Crabtree, WR, Ravens vs. Steelers56Paul Richardson, WR, Redskins vs. Falcons57Tevin Coleman, RB, Falcons @ Redskins58Alex Collins, RB, Ravens vs. Steelers59David Njoku, TE, Browns vs. Chiefs60Peyton Barber, RB, Buccaneers @ Panthers61Demaryius Thomas, WR, Texans @ Broncos62Frank Gore, RB, Dolphins vs. Jets63Calvin Ridley, WR, Falcons @ Redskins64DeVante Parker, WR, Dolphins vs. Jets65Raheem Mostert, RB, 49ers vs. Raiders66Jalen Richard, RB, Raiders @ 49ers67Jimmy Graham, TE, Packers @ Patriots68Jordan Reed, TE, Redskins vs. Falcons69Ito Smith, RB, Falcons @ Redskins70Marquise Goodwin, WR, 49ers vs. Raiders71Josh Doctson, WR, Redskins vs. Falcons72Derrick Henry, RB, Titans @ Cowboys73Duke Johnson Jr., RB, Browns vs. Chiefs74Kyle Rudolph, TE, Vikings vs. Lions75Jordy Nelson, WR, Raiders @ 49ers76Trey Burton, TE, Bears @ Bills77Danny Amendola, WR, Dolphins vs. Jets78Randall Cobb, WR, Packers @ Patriots79Marvin Jones Jr., WR, Lions @ Vikings80Buck Allen, RB, Ravens vs. Steelers81Austin Ekeler, RB, Chargers @ Seahawks82George Kittle, TE, 49ers vs. Raiders83Willie Snead, WR, Ravens vs. Steelers84Courtland Sutton, WR, Broncos vs. Texans85Jamaal Williams, RB, Packers @ Patriots86Dalvin Cook, RB, Vikings vs. Lions87Jeff Heuerman, TE, Broncos vs. Texans88Devontae Booker, RB, Broncos vs. Texans89Chris Godwin, WR, Buccaneers @ Panthers90Kenny Stills, WR, Dolphins vs. Jets91Doug Baldwin, WR, Seahawks vs. Chargers92D.J. Moore, WR, Panthers vs. Buccaneers93Marquez Valdez-Scantling, WR, Packers @ Patriots94Aldrick Robinson, WR, Vikings vs. Lions95C.J. Anderson, RB, Panthers vs. Buccaneers96Taylor Gabriel, WR, Bears @ Bills97Quincy Enunwa, WR, Jets @ Dolphins98DeSean Jackson, WR, Buccaneers @ Panthers99Vance McDonald, TE, Steelers @ Ravens100Austin Hooper, TE, Falcons @ Redskins101Jermaine Kearse, WR, Jets @ Dolphins102Corey Davis, WR, Titans @ Cowboys103LeGarrette Blount, RB, Lions @ Vikings104David Moore, WR, Seahawks vs. Chargers105Jacquizz Rodgers, RB, Buccaneers @ Panthers106Kapri Bibbs, RB, Redskins vs. Falcons107Cameron Brate, TE, Buccaneers @ Panthers108Mohamed Sanu, WR, Falcons @ Redskins109Theo Riddick, RB, Lions @ Vikings110Chris Ivory, RB, Bills vs. Bears111Trenton Cannon, RB, Jets @ Dolphins112Ben Watson, TE, Saints vs. Rams113Mike Williams, WR, Chargers @ Seahawks114Tyrell Williams, WR, Chargers @ Seahawks115Alfred Morris, RB, 49ers vs. Raiders116Jordan Thomas, TE, Texans @ Broncos117Mark Andrews, TE, Ravens vs. Steelers118Spencer Ware, RB, Chiefs @ Browns119Kendrick Bourne, WR, 49ers vs. Raiders120Robby Anderson, Jets @ Dolphins
Chung Sung-Jun/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — South Korean President Moon Jae-in and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un will sit down for a historic summit Friday and will be accompanied by the most powerful officials from both countries.The list comprises of all related parties who have worked out a meticulous process to materialize this summit into “spring of Korean Peninsula,” according to the South’s presidential office.Delegates who will accompany their leaders through the inter-Korean summit are considered those who are deeply aware of the overall atmosphere in the Korean Peninsula. Compared to the past two summits in 2000 and 2007, military experts are included in the delegation.Here’s a look at who’s who attending the inter-Korean summit:North Korean delegation— Kim Yong-nam, North Korea’s nominal head of state, played a major role in steering Seoul and Pyongyang to a peace mood.— Kim Yo-jong, the influential younger sister of Kim Jong-un, serves as director of propaganda and agitation for the Department of the Workers’ Party of Korea. She came into the limelight early this year while leading the North’s delegation to the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics and delivering Kim’s handwritten letter to President Moon.— Kim Yong-chol, vice chairman of the ruling Workers’ Party of Koreas, is known to be another powerful elite in Pyongyang. He took a leading part in bringing “spring to the Korean peninsula” after his visit during the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics. Kim was a chief military negotiator during 2006 and 2008 inter-Korean talks, but is also labeled the most dangerous North Korean general by the South because he was in charge of the Reconnaissance General Bureau when a South Korean naval ship was attacked in 2010. The South Korean intelligence agency has said the North Koreans were to blame; the North has since denied any involvement.— Choe Hwi, vice party chairman and the chief of the national sports body, was part of a high-level delegation teaOlympics Pyeongchang Winter Olympics. Managing sports-related policies is of considerable importance within the North Korean regime. Analysts say Choe played an important role in garnering Communist Party support for Kim Jong-un shortly after he came into power.— Ri Son-gwon, chairman of the Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Country, also known as the right-hand man of Kim Yong-chol, was a member of the high-level delegation to the Winter Olympics. Ri was the chief delegate of North Korea during the first high-level talks between two Koreas in January. He left the conference venue in 2011 during a military working-level talk with South Korean counterparts. But Unification Minister Cho Myoung-gyon of South Korea told the South Korean press that Ri’s negotiation attitude has changed from the past.— Ri Myong-su, the chief of the general staff of the Korean People’s Army, started his military career during the Korean War. The 84-year-old general was formerly responsible for the daily operational management of the DPRK’s naval, ground, air and anti-air forces.— Ri Yong-ho, North Korea’s foreign minister, is known as a skillful negotiator. He had talks in the past regarding North Korean nuclear program with the U.S.— Ri Su-yong, vice party chairman on international affairs. He is the spokesman in talks with the U.S. and is known as one of the most influential person in the making decisions.— Park Yong-sik, the minister of North Korea’s armed forces.South Korean delegation— Chung Eui-yong, national security advisor, who visited Pyongyang early this year as an envoy. He is regarded in South Korea as the mastermind behind the inter-Korean rapprochement. Chung also personally delivered Kim’s message to President Trump at the White House last month.— Suh Hoon, national intelligence service director, is deeply involved in proceeding the summit along with Chung. Media reports say he also helped coordinate the deal through close consultations with his American counterpart, Mike Pompeo, then-Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.— Cho Myoung-gyon, unification minister, participated in both 2000 and 2007 inter-Korean summit and played a key role in the preparation of the upcoming summit.— Im Jong-seok, presidential chief of staff, is known to be the closest aide to President Moon. A former student activist, Im has been criticized by the opposition as left-leaning and pro-North, and for steering South Korea dangerously closer to the communist Pyongyang.“North’s choice of official entourage show their consideration in further talks with the upcoming U.S and international talks,” Im Jong-seok, South’s presidential chief of staff, said during a press briefing Thursday at the inter-Korean summit press center.— Song Young-moo, Defense Minister— Kang Kyung-wha, Foreign Minister— Jeong Kyeong-doo, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who was added last Thursday.Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.Powered by WPeMatico Related
STANFORD, Calif. — The last time the Utah basketball team won a game at Stanford, Larry Krystkowiak was just a young lad living near Glacier National Park in Montana. It was clear back in 1971 when the Utes took an eight-point victory over the Cardinal.Finally all these years later, the Utes broke a losing streak that included five straight losses here in Pac-12 play since 2012 with a 70-66 victory Thursday night at Maples Pavilion.Coach Krystkowiak said he addressed the Pac-12 drought before the game, telling his team that Stanford and Arizona were the only two places in conference play the Utes hadn’t won over the past seven seasons.“We talked about it before the game that there were a couple of places we hadn’t won,” he said. “It was a team effort, and everybody was engaged.”“That was a lot of fun, Coach K’s first win at Stanford,” said Sedrick Barefield, who was the Utes’ hero with three big 3-pointers and four free throws down the stretch. “Being able to say we did that is a really cool thing.”It didn’t come easy as the Utes overcame what Krystkowiak called some “atrocious” offense with some strong defense at the other end.That was a lot of fun, Coach K’s first win at Stanford. – Utah guard Sedrick BarefieldThe Utes kept Stanford from scoring three times in the final 25 seconds as they hung on for their second road victory in Pac-12 play and improved to 4-2 in the league and 10-8 overall.Barefield led the Utes with 18 points on 5-of-9 shooting, including 4 of 5 from 3-point range and 4 of 4 from the free-throw line. Donnie Tillman added 11 points off the bench, Parker Van Dyke scored 10 and Jayce Johnson and Both Gach each scored nine points, with Johnson grabbing a team-high 11 rebounds.KZ Opala, who had missed the last game at Washington State with back spasms, was tough for the Utes to stop all night as he finished with 22 points for Stanford. Daejon Davis added 17 points, while Josh Sharma had nine points and 12 rebounds.Utah took a 31-26 lead into halftime after trailing for much of the initial 20 minutes.The Utes got off to a sloppy start and trailed early before tying the game at 18 on a lay-up by Tillman. Then with his team down 23-20, Van Dyke hit back-to-back 3-pointers from out front and the right corner to put the Utes on top. After the Cardinal tied it, Barefield hit a 3-pointer from the top and then Timmy Allen scored his first points of the game with a short shot just before the buzzer.In the second half, the Cardinal came out strong and looked to be in control for a while as they led by six points at 54-48 with 7:51 left on a bucket by Davis.Then after Charles Jones scored for Utah, Barefield hit back-to-back 3-pointers from out front within a 30-second span to put the Utes up 56-54 at the 5:24 mark.It was 60-60 when Barefield hit another big three from out front, although this one didn’t swish and bounced around the rim a couple of times before finally falling.After Okpala tied it with a three, Van Dyke scored on a drive to put the Utes up for good at 65-63 with 57 seconds left. Okpala could only make one of two free throws with 39 seconds left and then came an “interesting” play when Stanford fouled Barefield immediately.Not only did they have nearly 40 seconds left, enough time to get the ball back with 10 seconds or so, but they also fouled perhaps Utah’s best free-throw shooter (83.6 percent on the year).“That was a little interesting,” said Krystkowiak. “I don’t know if they were going for a steal or trying to foul him. It certainly gives us, on a night like tonight, our best opportunity to put points on the board because we hadn’t dazzled anybody up until that point. So that was big.”Barefield sank both to put the Utes up by three, and then after Sharma made two free throws at the 24-second mark, Barefield was fouled again and sank two with 22 seconds left.Stanford couldn’t convert on a lay-up try with 16 seconds left, and Johnson sank one of two free throws for the final margin.The Utes will try to get another road win Saturday night when they take on Cal at Haas Pavilion in an 8 p.m. MST game.
Wellington Police notes: Monday, March 27, 2017â€¢11:09 a.m. Officers took a report of found childâ€™s sweatshirt in the 200 block N. C, Wellington.â€¢11:14 a.m. Non-injury accident in the 100 block S. Washington, Wellington involving a vehicle operated by Reuben L. Wahl, 87, Wellington and a fixed object/building owned by Coffee House #7, Wellington.â€¢1:21 p.m. Non-Injury accident in the 700 block N. U.S. 81, Wellington involving a vehicle operated by Robert L. Askew, 61, Viola and a parked and unoccupied vehicle owned by Bebermeyer Enterprises, LLC, Harper, Ks.â€¢2:39 p.m. Officers took a report of a runaway in the 500 block S. F, Wellington.â€¢3:25 p.m. Officers conducted a courtesy motor vehicle accident report in the 1700 block E. 16th, Wellington involving vehicles operated by juvenile female 16, Wellington and Jillian F. Wiley, 18, Wellington.â€¢3:51 p.m. Officers investigated possession certain stimulants, possession of marijuana and possession drug paraphernalia in the 400 block N. Washington, Wellington.â€¢5:45 p.m. Barry V. Rosenberg II, 33, Wellington was arrested and charged with possession of certain stimulants, possession of marijuana and possession of drug paraphernalia.â€¢9:10 p.m. Officers took a report of a family dispute in the 900 block N. Woodlawn, Wellington by known subject(s).
The “rule of law” is one of those phrases that this Government loves to use, and our citizenry is very familiar with it. But, like the perfunctory “good morning” or “good afternoon” greeting, it has absolutely no bearing on phenomena invoked. This is rather unfortunate, since it is this “rule of law” that has to be the foundation of any state we hope to establish in our long-abused land, where our people – brought here to labour as slaves and indentured servants, or peripheralised into the jungles – can live with dignity.What is the ‘rule of law”? Ultimately, that citizens should be ruled by laws and not men, and that no man – even a king – can be above those laws. In Britain, which ruled us for hundreds of years, the move from the rule of an absolute monarch to the present “rule of law” took hundreds of years, and witnessed a king beheaded. In Guyana, with only a half-century experience, our citizens are evidently yet not imbued with the well-nigh-reflexive opposition to threats to the rule of law, as is the case in the developed democracies.The immediate problem arises with the word “rule”. Whether out of “human nature” arising from the “twisted timber” out of which they are made, or individual idiosyncrasies of those who are chosen to “rule”, some being more “twisted” than others, the rule of law is constantly tested, especially by the rulers, as it is today by the PNC-led Government.The “rule of law” has to begin with the “law” – the rules by which we are to be ruled — and ultimately these have to emanate from the will of the people if they are to be seen as legitimate and obeyed. The Supreme Law of the land is the Constitution, which “constitutes” the state that is supposed to rule the citizenry under its mandate.Arising from the need to always be careful of the dangers of power being centralised and taking on authoritarian characteristics, modern constitutions invariably insist that the powers to rule the state be separated into the three functional areas of governance: Executive, Legislative and Judicial. The Legislative branch is responsible for enacting the laws of the state and authorising the funds necessary to operate the government. The Executive branch is responsible for implementing and administering the public policy enacted and funded by the legislative branch. While the Judicial branch is responsible for interpreting the constitution and laws, and applying their interpretations to controversies brought before it.The organisations that have these powers should be structured in such a way that they act as “checks and balances” on each other, to ensure the rule of law is not violated.In Guyana, we should discern immediately that the Executive President still has such a large reservoir of power, even after the 2000 Constitutional amendments, that it is facilitated to pose a challenge to democratic governance and the rule of law. This is evident when the incumbent refuses to accept the spirit of the Constitution as emanating from the intent of its framers. Take Article 162, covering the selection of the Chairman of GECOM. The intent of the framers was for the competing political parties to consensually select a candidate by insisting he/she be selected by the President from a list of six persons proposed by the Opposition Leader (OL). That the Judiciary allowed the President to unilaterally select his hand-picked candidate without any input from the OL is most unfortunate, and the constitutional crisis that we are presently facing was enabled by this decision.As we face the abyss of a constitutional crisis, such as has never been seen in the history of our republic – the refusal of the President to obey the clear command of the Constitution – the citizens of the country must accept that ultimate sovereignty, which undergirds the rule of law, lies in their hands.And they have to protect it from an out-of-control Leviathan.